S-3 1 forms3.htm RICEBRAN TECHNOLOGIES S-3 4-4-2017
As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 4, 2017.
 
Registration File No. 333-__________

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549

Form S-3

REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

RiceBran Technologies
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

California
 
87-0673375
(State or other jurisdiction of Incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

2928 Ramco Street, Suite 120
West Sacramento, CA 95691
 (602) 522-3000
 (Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including Area Code of
Registrant’s principal executive offices)

Robert Smith
Chief Executive Officer
RiceBran Technologies
2928 Ramco Street, Suite 120
West Sacramento, CA 95691
(602) 522-3000
 (Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

Copy to:
Christopher V. Chediak
Weintraub Tobin Chediak Coleman Grodin Law Corporation
400 Capitol Mall, Eleventh Floor
Sacramento, CA  95814
Telephone:  (916) 558-6000
Facsimile:  (916) 446-1611

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public:  From time to time after this registration statement becomes effective.

If the only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box.  ☐

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box.  ☑

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ☐

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ☐

If this Form is registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box.  ☐

If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Large accelerated filer ☐
Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☐
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company ☑
 


CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

Title of each class
of securities to be
registered
 
Amount to be
registered (1)(2)
   
Proposed
maximum
offering
price per
share(3)(4)
   
Aggregate
maximum offering
price
   
Amount of
registration fee
 (3)
 
Common Stock, no par value per share
   
10,196,475
   
$
0.85
   
$
8,667,003.75
   
$
1,004.51
 

(1)
Consists of an aggregate of 1,897,987 shares of common stock that may be issued upon conversion of Series G Convertible Preferred Stock and 8,298,488 shares of common stock that may be issued upon exercise of warrants, all of which were acquired by the selling shareholders in private placements.
(2)
Pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act of 1933, this registration statement also covers any additional securities that may be offered or issued in connection with any stock split, stock dividend or similar transaction.
(3)
Pursuant to General Instruction II.C. of Form S-3, the table lists each of the classes of securities being registered and the aggregate proceeds to be raised, but does not specify by each class information as to the amount to be registered, proposed maximum offering price per unit, and proposed maximum aggregate offering price.
(4)
With respect to the shares of common stock offered by the selling shareholders named herein, estimated at $0.85 per share, the average of the high and low prices as reported on the NASDAQ Capital Market on March 30, 2017, for the purpose of calculating the registration fee in accordance with Rule 457(c) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.
 

The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed.  We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective.  This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and we are not soliciting offers to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.
 
Subject To Completion, Dated April 4, 2017
Prospectus

RICEBRAN TECHNOLOGIES

10,196,475
Common Stock

This prospectus covers the sale or other disposition from time to time of up to 10,196,475 shares of our common stock, no par value per share, including a total of 1,897,987 shares issuable upon exercise of shares of our Series G Convertible Preferred Stock and 8,298,488 shares issuable upon exercise of warrants, by the selling shareholders identified in this prospectus, including their transferees, pledgees, donees or successors.  The selling shareholders may, from time to time, sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of any or all of their shares of common stock or interests in shares of common stock on any stock exchange, market, or trading facility on which the shares are traded or in private transactions. These dispositions may be at fixed prices, at prevailing market prices at the time of sale, at prices related to the prevailing market price, at varying prices determined at the time of sale, or at negotiated prices.

We are not offering any shares of our common stock for sale under this prospectus. We will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale or other disposition of the shares of our common stock by the selling shareholders, other than any proceeds from the cash exercise of the warrants to purchase shares of our common stock.

Our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “RIBT.”  On March 30, 2017, the last reported sale price of our common stock was $0.85 per share.
 
INVESTING IN OUR SECURITIES INVOLVES RISKS.  YOU SHOULD REVIEW CAREFULLY THE RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES DESCRIBED UNDER THE HEADING “RISK FACTORS” CONTAINED HEREIN AND IN OUR ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016, AS WELL AS OUR SUBSEQUENTLY FILED PERIODIC AND CURRENT REPORTS, WHICH WE FILE WITH THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION AND ARE INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE INTO THIS PROSPECTUS. YOU SHOULD READ THE ENTIRE PROSPECTUS CAREFULLY BEFORE YOU MAKE YOUR INVESTMENT DECISION.

NEITHER THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION NOR ANY STATE SECURITIES COMMISSION HAS APPROVED OR DISAPPROVED THESE SECURITIES OR DETERMINED IF THIS PROSPECTUS IS TRUTHFUL OR COMPLETE.  ANY REPRESENTATION TO THE CONTRARY IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE.

The date of this prospectus is ___________.
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
PAGE
   
1
   
1
   
1
   
2
   
2
   
2
   
3
   
3
   
4
   
6
   
6
   
7
   
7
   
8
 
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Some of the statements in this prospectus and in any prospectus supplement we may file constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  These statements relate to future events concerning our business and to our future revenues, operating results and financial condition.  In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “could,” “would,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “estimate,” “forecast,” “predict,” “propose,” “potential” or “continue,” or the negative of those terms or other comparable terminology.

Any forward looking statements contained in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement are only estimates or predictions of future events based on information currently available to our management and management’s current beliefs about the potential outcome of future events.  Whether these future events will occur as management anticipates, whether we will achieve our business objectives, and whether our revenues, operating results or financial condition will improve in future periods are subject to numerous risks.  There are a number of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results anticipated by these forward-looking statements.  These important factors include those that we discuss under the heading “Risk Factors” and in other sections of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), as well as in our other reports filed from time to time with the SEC that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus.  You should read these factors and the other cautionary statements made in this prospectus and in the documents we incorporate by reference into this prospectus as being applicable to all related forward-looking statements wherever they appear in this prospectus or the documents we incorporate by reference into this prospectus.  If one or more of these factors materialize, or if any underlying assumptions prove incorrect, our actual results, performance or achievements may vary materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.  We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-3 that we filed with the SEC using a “shelf” registration or continuous offering process.

You should read this prospectus and the information and documents incorporated by reference carefully. Such documents contain important information you should consider when making your investment decision. See “Where You Can Find Additional Information” and “Incorporation of Information by Reference” in this prospectus.

You should rely only on the information provided in this prospectus or documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with different information. This prospectus covers offers and sales of our common stock only in jurisdictions in which such offers and sales are permitted. The information contained in this prospectus is accurate only as of the date of this prospectus, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or of any sale of our common stock. You should not assume that the information contained in this prospectus is accurate as of any date other than the date on the front cover of this prospectus, or that the information contained in any document incorporated by reference is accurate as of any date other than the date of the document incorporated by reference, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or any sale of a security.

In this prospectus, we refer to RiceBran Technologies as “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” or “RBT.” You should rely only on the information we have provided or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus.  We have not authorized anyone to provide you with different information.  No dealer, salesperson or other person is authorized to give any information or to represent anything not contained in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement or any related free writing prospectus.

ABOUT RICEBRAN TECHNOLOGIES

We are an ingredient company serving food, animal nutrition and specialty markets focused on value-added processing and marketing of healthy, natural and nutrient dense products derived from raw rice bran, an underutilized by-product of the rice milling industry.  We apply our proprietary and patented technologies and intellectual properties to convert raw rice bran into numerous high value products, including stabilized rice bran (SRB), rice bran oil, defatted rice bran, and derivative products, including RiBalance (a complete rice bran nutritional package derived from further processing of SRB), RiSolubles (a highly nutritious, carbohydrate and lipid rich fraction of RiBalance), RiFiber (a protein and fiber rich insoluble derivative of RiBalance), and our family of ProRyza products, which includes derivatives composed of protein and protein/fiber blends.  Our target markets are organic and natural food, functional food, supplement and animal nutrition manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers, both domestically and internationally.

We were founded in 1998, and our principal executive offices are located at 2928 Ramco Street, Suite 120, West Sacramento, CA 95691.  Our telephone number is (602) 522-3000.  Our website is located at www.ricebrantech.com.  Information contained on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not part of this prospectus.
 
PRIVATE PLACEMENT OF SECURITIES

On February 9, 2017, we entered into a securities purchase agreement  in connection with a private placement to certain accredited investors of (i) an aggregate of 2,000 shares of our Series G Convertible Preferred Stock (Series G Preferred Stock) that are convertible into a total of 1,897,987 shares of our common stock at a conversion price per share of $1.05375 and (ii) warrants to purchase an aggregate of 1,423,488 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.96 per share, which warrants have a term of five years that expire on February 15, 2022.  The purchase price for each share of Series G Preferred Stock was $1,000, and for each share of Series G Preferred Stock purchased, the investor also received a warrant to purchase approximately 711.75 shares of our common stock.  In addition, we reduced the per share exercise price to $0.96 of warrants to 838,051 shares of our common stock that were held by the investors. The shares underlying these repriced warrants are not being registered for resale pursuant to this prospectus.

On February 9, 2017, we also entered into a securities purchase agreement in connection with the private placement to certain accredited investors of (i) an aggregate principal amount of $6.6 million of original issue discount senior secured debentures for an aggregate subscription amount of $6,000,000, and (ii) warrants to purchase an aggregate of 6,875,000 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.96 per share, which warrants have a term of five years that expire on February 15, 2022.  To secure the debenture obligations, we and our subsidiaries granted security interests in certain of our assets to the investors.

As a condition to closing both of the transactions described above, we and the investors entered into registration rights agreements which requires us to file a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 3, 2017 (the “Filing Date”) to register the resale of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the Series G Preferred Stock and upon exercise of the warrants, which registration statement is required to become effective within 90 days following the closing date (or in the event the SEC reviews and has written comments to the registration statement, within 120 days following the closing date). 
 
WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

We filed a registration statement on Form S-3 with the SEC under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (Securities Act), with respect to the securities covered by this prospectus.  This prospectus, which is a part of the registration statement, does not contain all of the information set forth in the registration statement or the exhibits and schedules filed therewith.  For further information with respect to us and the securities covered by this prospectus, please see the registration statement and the exhibits filed with the registration statement.  A copy of the registration statement and the exhibits filed with the registration statement may be inspected without charge at the Public Reference Room maintained by the SEC, located at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C.  20549.  Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for more information about the operation of the Public Reference Room.  The SEC also maintains an Internet website that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding registrants that file electronically with the SEC.  The address of the website is http://www.sec.gov.

We are subject to the information and periodic reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act) and, in accordance therewith, we file periodic reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC.  Such periodic reports, proxy statements and other information are available for inspection and copying at the Public Reference Room and website of the SEC referred to above.  We maintain a website at http://www.ricebrantech.com.  You may access our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed pursuant to Sections 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act with the SEC free of charge at our website as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC.  Our website and the information contained on that site, or connected to that site, are not incorporated into and are not a part of this prospectus.

INCORPORATION OF INFORMATION BY REFERENCE

The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” the information we file with it, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents.  The information we incorporate by reference is an important part of this prospectus, and certain information that we will later file with the SEC will automatically update and supersede this information.  We incorporate by reference the documents listed below, as well as any future filings made with the SEC under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act from the date of the initial registration statement and prior to the effectiveness of this registration statement, and any filings made after the date of this prospectus until we sell all of the securities under this prospectus, except that we do not incorporate any document or portion of a document that was furnished and deemed by the rules of the SEC not to have been filed:
 
Our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, filed with the SEC on March 23, 2017;

Our current reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 15, 2017, February 17, 2017, March 13, 2017, March 16, 2017 and March 23, 2017; and

The description of our common stock contained in our Form 8-A filed on December 12, 2013.

Additionally, all reports and other documents subsequently filed by us pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 and 15(d) of the Exchange Act after (i) the date of the initial registration statement and prior to effectiveness of the registration statement; and (ii) the date of this prospectus and prior to the termination or completion of this offering, shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus and to be part hereof from the date of filing of such reports and other documents.  Any information that we subsequently file with the SEC that is incorporated by reference as described above will automatically update and supersede any previous information that is part of this prospectus.

We hereby undertake to provide without charge to each person, including any beneficial owner, to whom a copy of this prospectus is delivered, upon written or oral request of any such person, a copy of any and all of the information that has been or may be incorporated by reference in this prospectus, other than exhibits to such documents.  Requests for such copies should be directed to our Corporate Secretary at 2928 Ramco Street, Suite 120, West Sacramento, CA 95691, Telephone (602) 522-3000.

RISK FACTORS

An investment in our common stock involves risks. Prior to making a decision about investing in our common stock, you should consider carefully the risks together with all of the other information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, including any risks described in the section entitled “Risk Factors” contained in any supplements to this prospectus and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016 and in our subsequent filings with the SEC. Each of the referenced risks and uncertainties could adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition, as well as adversely affect the value of an investment in our securities.  Additional risks not known to us or that we believe are immaterial may also adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition and the value of an investment in our securities.

SELLING SHAREHOLDERS

The common stock being offered by the selling shareholders are those issuable to the selling shareholders, upon conversion of Series G Preferred Stock and exercise of warrants.  For additional information regarding the issuances of those shares of Series G Preferred Stock and warrants, see "Private Placement of Securities" above.  We are registering the shares of common stock in order to permit the selling shareholders to offer the shares for resale from time to time.  Except for the ownership of shares of capital stock and warrants and as described below, the selling shareholders have not had any material relationship with us within the past three years.

The table below lists the selling shareholders and other information regarding the beneficial ownership of the shares of common stock by each of the selling shareholders.  The second column lists the number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by each selling shareholder, based on its ownership of the shares of common stock and warrants, as of March 30, 2017, assuming conversion of Series G Preferred Stock and exercise of the warrants held by the selling shareholders on that date, without regard to any limitations on exercises.

The third column lists the shares of common stock being offered by this prospectus by the selling shareholders.

In accordance with the terms of a registration rights agreement with the selling shareholders, this prospectus generally covers the resale of the maximum number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of Series G Preferred Stock and exercise of warrants described above under “Private Placement of Securities,” determined as if the outstanding shares of Series G Preferred Stock and warrants were converted or exercised in full as of the trading day immediately preceding the date this registration statement was initially filed with the SEC, each as of the trading day immediately preceding the applicable date of determination, without regard to any limitations on the conversion of the Series G Preferred Stock or exercise of the warrants.  The fourth and fifth columns assume the sale of all of the shares offered by the selling shareholders pursuant to this prospectus.

Under the terms of the Series G Preferred Stock and the warrants, a selling shareholder may not convert the Series G Preferred Stock or exercise the warrants to the extent such conversion or exercise would cause such selling shareholder, together with its affiliates and attribution parties, to beneficially own a number of shares of common stock which would exceed 4.99% of our then outstanding common stock following such exercise.  The number of shares in the second and fourth columns do not reflect this limitation.  The selling shareholders may sell all, some or none of their shares in this offering.  See "Plan of Distribution."
 
   
Shares Beneficially
Owned Prior to
Offering
   
Shares to be
Offered
   
Shares Beneficially
Owned After Offering
 
Name of Selling Shareholder
 
Number
   
Number
   
Number
   
Percentage
 
                                 
221 INV-3 LLC (1)
   
199,288
     
199,288
     
-
     
-
 
Alon Gibli (2)
   
604,360
     
298,933
     
305,427
     
2.77
%
Ascendant Partners, LLC (3)
   
125,150
     
83,038
     
42,112
     
*
 
Dillon Hill Capital, LLC (4)
   
2,530,693
     
2,291,667
     
-
     
2.19
%
Edward M. Giles (5)
   
208,482
     
166,074
     
42,408
     
*
 
Janine and Paul Modugno (6)
   
249,111
     
249,111
     
-
     
-
 
Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC (7)
   
415,184
     
415,184
     
-
     
-
 
Sabby Healthcare Master Fund, Ltd. (8)
   
7,644,668
     
4,183,526
     
3,461,142
     
25.27
%
Sabby Volatility Warrant Master Fund, Ltd. (9)
   
3,658,304
     
2,060,543
     
1,597,761
     
12.93
%
Stephen Baksa (10)
   
845,825
     
249,111
     
596,714
     
5.39
%

*
Less than 1%

(1)
Includes 113,879 shares underlying Series G Preferred Stock and 85,409 shares underlying warrants.  Samir M. Shah serves as the manager of 221 INV-3 LLC.
(2)
Shares to be offered include 170,819 shares underlying Series G Preferred Stock and 128,114 shares underlying warrants. Shares beneficially owned after the offering include 124,250 shares underlying warrants.
(3)
Shares to be offered include 47,450 shares underlying Series G Preferred Stock and 35,588 shares underlying warrants. Ascendant Partners, LLC serves as a consultant for RBT’s investor relations.
(4)
Shares to be offered include 2,291,667 shares underlying warrants. Shares beneficially owned after the offering include 239,026 common shares. Bruce Grossman has disposition and voting control for Dillon Hill Capital, LLC. Bruce Grossman also has shared disposition and voting control for Dillon Hill Investment Company, LLC, which owns 140,000 common shares and 110,000 shares underlying warrants. The sole member of Dillon Hill Investment Company, LLC is a trust of which the Bruce Grossman’s spouse is a co-trustee.
(5)
Shares to be offered include 94,900 shares underlying Series G Preferred Stock and 71,174 shares underlying warrants.
(6)
Includes 142,349 Series G Preferred Stock and 106,762 shares underlying warrants.
(7)
Includes 237,248 shares underlying Series G Preferred Stock and 177,936 shares underlying warrants. Joshua Scheinfeld and Jonathon Cope, the principals of Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC, are the beneficial owners of all the shares of common stock owned by Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC. They have shared voting and disposition power over the shares to be offered.
(8)
Shares to be offered include 635,285 shares underlying Series G Preferred Stock and 3,547,701 shares underlying warrants. Sabby Management, LLC serves as the investment manager of Sabby Healthcare Master Fund, Ltd. Shares beneficially owned after the offering include 2,798,999 shares underlying warrants. Hal Mintz is the manager of Sabby Management, LLC and has voting and investment control of the securities held by Sabby Healthcare Master Fund, Ltd. Each of Sabby Management, LLC and Hal Mintz disclaims beneficial ownership over the securities beneficially owned by Sabby Healthcare Master Fund, Ltd., except to the extent of their respective pecuniary interest therein. The aggregate beneficial ownership of Sabby Healthcare Master Fund, Ltd. and Sabby Volatility Warrant Master Fund, Ltd. is subject to a 4.99% ownership blocker. Sabby Healthcare Master Fund, Ltd. and Sabby Volatility Warrant Master Fund, Ltd. cannot convert preferred shares or exercise warrants to the extent they would own in excess of the blocker.
(9)
Shares to be offered include 313,168 shares underlying Series G Preferred Stock and 1,747,375 shares underlying warrants. Sabby Management, LLC serves as the investment manager of Sabby Volatility Warrant Master Fund, Ltd. Hal Mintz is the manager of Sabby Management, LLC and has voting and investment control of the securities held by Sabby Volatility Warrant Master Fund, Ltd. Shares beneficially owned after the offering include 1,455,255 shares underlying warrants. Each of Sabby Management, LLC and Hal Mintz disclaims beneficial ownership over the securities beneficially owned by Sabby Volatility Warrant Master Fund, Ltd., except to the extent of their respective pecuniary interest therein. The aggregate beneficial ownership of Sabby Healthcare Master Fund, Ltd. and Sabby Volatility Warrant Master Fund, Ltd. is subject to a 4.99% ownership blocker. Sabby Healthcare Master Fund, Ltd. and Sabby Volatility Warrant Master Fund, Ltd. cannot convert preferred shares or exercise warrants to the extent they would own in excess of the blocker.
(10)
Shares to be offered include 142,349 shares underlying Series G Preferred Stock and 106,762 shares underlying warrants. Shares beneficially owned after the offering include 167,618 shares underlying warrants.

DESCRIPTION OF OUR COMMON STOCK

The selling shareholders may, from time to time, sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of any or all of their shares of common stock or interests in shares of common stock on any stock exchange, market, or trading facility on which the shares are traded or in private transactions at fixed prices, at prevailing market prices at the time of sale, at prices related to the prevailing market price, at varying prices determined at the time of sale, or at negotiated prices.  This prospectus provides you with a general description of the common stock the selling shareholders may offer.
 
The description below of our capital stock and provisions of our articles of incorporation and bylaws are summaries and are qualified by reference to the articles of incorporation and the bylaws.  These documents are filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part.

Our authorized capital stock consists of 50,000,000 shares of common stock, no par value, and 20,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, no par value, of which 3,000,000 shares are designated Series A Preferred Stock, 25,000 shares are designated Series B preferred Stock, 25,000 shares are designated Series C Preferred Stock, 10,000 shares are designated Series D Preferred Stock, 2,743 shares are designated Series E Preferred Stock, 3,000 shares are designated as Series F Preferred Stock, and 3,000 shares are designated Series G Preferred Stock. As of March 17, 2017, there were outstanding 3,000 shares of Series F Preferred Stock, 2,000 shares of Series G Preferred Stock and 10,899,047 shares of common stock.

Common Stock

Subject to preferences that may be applicable to any outstanding preferred stock, the holders of common stock are entitled to receive ratably dividends, if any, as may be declared from time to time by the board of directors out of funds legally available for that purpose. In the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, whether voluntary or involuntary, the holders of common stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets remaining after payment of liabilities, subject to prior distribution rights of preferred stock, if any, then outstanding. The common stock has no preemptive or conversion rights or other subscription rights. There are no redemption or sinking fund provisions applicable to the common stock. All outstanding shares of common stock are fully paid and nonassessable, and the shares of common stock to be issued upon the closing of this offering will be fully paid and nonassessable.

The holders of common stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters to be voted upon by the shareholders.  Under certain circumstances, California law permits the holders of our common stock to cumulate their votes for the election of directors, in which case holders of less than a majority of the outstanding shares of our common stock could elect one or more of our directors. Holders of our common stock have no preemptive, subscription, or redemption rights. The outstanding shares of common stock are fully paid and nonassessable. The rights and privileges of holders of common stock are subject to, and may be adversely affected by, the rights of holders of shares of preferred stock that we may designate and issue in the future.

Effect of Certain Provisions of our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws

Our articles of incorporation and bylaws contain certain provisions that could make the following transactions more difficult:

·
acquisition of us by means of a tender offer;

·
acquisition of us by means of a proxy contest or otherwise; or

·
removal of our incumbent officers and directors.

These provisions, summarized below, are expected to discourage coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids and to promote stability in our management.  These provisions are also designed to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of us to first negotiate with our board of directors.

·
Undesignated Preferred Stock.  The ability to authorize undesignated preferred stock makes it possible for our board of directors to issue one or more series of preferred stock with voting or other rights or preferences that could impede the success of any attempt to change control of us.  These and other provisions may have the effect of deterring hostile takeovers or delaying changes in control or management of our company.

·
Shareholder Meetings.  Our bylaws provide that a special meeting of shareholders may be called only by our president or by the board of directors or the chairman of the board or by one or more shareholders holding shares in the aggregate entitled to cast not less than 10% of the votes at that meeting.

·
Requirements for Advance Notification of Shareholder Nominations and Proposals.  Our bylaws establish advance notice procedures with respect to shareholder proposals and the nomination of candidates for election as directors, other than nominations made by or at the direction of our board of directors or a committee of the board of directors.

·
Board of Directors Vacancies.  Under our bylaws, any vacancy on the board of directors, including a vacancy resulting from an enlargement of the board of directors, may only be filled by vote of a majority of the remaining directors.  The classification of the board of directors and the limitations on the removal of directors and filling of vacancies would have the effect of making it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us, or of discouraging a third party from acquiring control of us.
 
·
Board of Directors Size.  Within the range specified by our bylaws, our board of directors determines the size of our board and may create new directorships and elect new directors, which may enable an incumbent board to maintain control by adding directors.

·
Indemnification. Our articles of incorporation and our bylaws, as amended, provide that we will indemnify officers and directors against losses as they incur in investigations and legal proceedings resulting from their services to us, which may include service in connection with takeover defense measures.

Listing

Our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “RIBT”.

Transfer Agent and Registrar

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is American Stock Transfer & Trust Company.

USE OF PROCEEDS

We will not receive any of the proceeds from any sale or other disposition of the common stock covered by this prospectus. We will receive proceeds upon the cash exercise of the warrants for which underlying shares of common stock are being registered hereunder. Assuming full cash exercise of the warrants at the exercise price of $0.96 per underlying share of common stock, we will receive proceeds of approximately $7.97 million. We currently intend to use the cash proceeds from any warrant exercise for working capital and general corporate purposes. We may also use a portion of the cash proceeds to acquire or invest in complementary businesses, technologies, product candidates, or other intellectual property, although we have no present commitments or agreements to do so. The amount and timing of our actual use of proceeds may vary significantly depending upon numerous factors, including the actual amount of proceeds we receive and the timing of when we receive such proceeds. In addition, the terms of the warrants provide that following August 10, 2017, it may be exercised on a cashless basis if at the time of exercise, the shares of common stock underlying the warrants are not subject to a registration statement or there has been a failure to maintain the effective registration of such shares. We will not receive any cash proceeds as a result of warrants that are exercised on a cashless basis pursuant to such terms of the warrants.

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

A selling shareholder of the securities offered by this prospectus and any of its pledgees, assignees and successors-in-interest may, from time to time, sell any or all of the securities covered hereby on the NASDAQ Capital Market or any other stock exchange, market or trading facility on which the securities are traded or in private transactions.  These sales may be at fixed or negotiated prices.  A selling shareholder may use any one or more of the following methods when selling securities:

·
ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker‑dealer solicits purchasers;

·
block trades in which the broker‑dealer will attempt to sell the securities as agent but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;

·
purchases by a broker‑dealer as principal and resale by the broker‑dealer for its account;

·
an exchange distribution in accordance with the rules of the applicable exchange;

·
privately negotiated transactions;

·
settlement of short sales;

·
in transactions through broker‑dealers that agree with the selling shareholder to sell a specified number of such securities at a stipulated price per security;

·
through the writing or settlement of options or other hedging transactions, whether through an options exchange or otherwise;

·
a combination of any such methods of sale; or
 
·
any other method permitted pursuant to applicable law.

A selling shareholder may also sell securities under Rule 144 or any other exemption from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, if available, rather than under this prospectus.

Broker-dealers engaged by a selling shareholder may arrange for other brokers-dealers to participate in sales.  Broker-dealers may receive commissions or discounts from the selling shareholder (or, if any broker-dealer acts as agent for the purchaser of securities, from the purchaser) in amounts to be negotiated, but, except as set forth in a supplement to this prospectus, in the case of an agency transaction not in excess of a customary brokerage commission in compliance with FINRA Rule 2440, and in the case of a principal transaction a markup or markdown in compliance with FINRA IM-2440.

In connection with the sale of the securities or interests therein, a selling shareholder may enter into hedging transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions, which may in turn engage in short sales of the securities in the course of hedging the positions they assume.  A selling shareholder may also sell securities short and deliver these securities to close out its short positions, or loan or pledge the securities to broker-dealers that in turn may sell these securities.  A selling shareholder may also enter into option or other transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions or create one or more derivative securities which require the delivery to such broker-dealer or other financial institution of securities offered by this prospectus, which securities such broker-dealer or other financial institution may resell pursuant to this prospectus (as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction).

A selling shareholder and any broker-dealers or agents that are involved in selling the securities may be deemed to be “underwriters” within the meaning of the Securities Act in connection with such sales.  In such event, any commissions received by such broker-dealers or agents and any profit on the resale of the securities purchased by them may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts under the Securities Act.  Each selling shareholder has informed us that it does not have any written or oral agreement or understanding, directly or indirectly, with any person to distribute the securities.

We are required to pay certain fees and expenses incurred by us incident to the registration of the securities.  We have agreed to indemnify the selling shareholders against certain losses, claims, damages and liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act.

We agreed to keep this prospectus effective until the earlier of (i) the date on which the securities may be resold by the selling shareholders without registration and without regard to any volume or manner-of-sale limitations by reason of Rule 144, without the requirement for us to be in compliance with the current public information under Rule 144 under the Securities Act or any other rule of similar effect, or (ii) all of the securities have been sold pursuant to this prospectus or Rule 144 under the Securities Act or any other rule of similar effect.  The resale securities will be sold only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers if required under applicable state securities laws. In addition, in certain states, the resale securities covered hereby may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the applicable state or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and is complied with.

Under applicable rules and regulations under the Exchange Act, any person engaged in the distribution of the resale securities may not simultaneously engage in market making activities with respect to the common stock for the applicable restricted period, as defined in Regulation M, prior to the commencement of the distribution.  In addition, the selling shareholders will be subject to applicable provisions of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations thereunder, including Regulation M, which may limit the timing of purchases and sales of the common stock by the selling shareholders or any other person.  We will make copies of this prospectus available to the selling shareholders and have informed them of the need to deliver a copy of this prospectus to each purchaser at or prior to the time of the sale (including by compliance with Rule 172 under the Securities Act).

To the extent required, this prospectus may be amended or supplemented from time to time to describe a specific plan of distribution.
 
LEGAL MATTERS

Weintraub Tobin Chediak Coleman Grodin Law Corporation will pass upon legal matters in connection with the validity of the common stock offered hereby.
 
EXPERTS

The consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 and for each of the two years then ended are incorporated by reference in this prospectus, have been so incorporated in reliance on the report of Marcum, LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm (the report on the consolidated financial statements contains an explanatory paragraph regarding the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern), incorporated herein by reference, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.
 
INTERESTS OF NAMED EXPERTS AND COUNSEL

Except as noted below, no expert or counsel named in this prospectus as having prepared or certified any part of this prospectus or having given an opinion upon the validity of the securities being registered or upon other legal matters in connection with the registration or offering of the securities was employed on a contingency basis, or had, or is to receive, in connection with the offering, a substantial interest, direct or indirect, in the registrant or any of its parents or subsidiaries. Nor was any such person connected with the registrant or any of its parents or subsidiaries as a promoter, managing or principal underwriter, voting trustee, director, officer, or employee. Weintraub Partners, a general partnership formed by certain shareholders at Weintraub Tobin Chediak Coleman Grodin Law Corporation, owns 95,487 shares of our common stock, warrants to purchase 172,186 shares of our common stock at $0.96 per share and a promissory note issued by us in the aggregate principal amount of $282,041 that accrues interest at a rate of 7.0% per annum.
 
PART II

INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS

Item 14.
Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution

The estimated expenses payable by the registrant in connection with the issuance and distribution of the securities being registered are as follows:

SEC Registration Fee
   
1,004
 
Legal Fees and Expenses*
   
20,000
 
Accounting Fees and Expenses*
   
10,000
 
Miscellaneous Fees and Expenses*
   
1,748
 
TOTAL:
 
$
32,752
 

*
Estimated solely for the purposes of this Item.  Actual expenses may vary.

Item 15.
Indemnification of Directors and Officers

The California General Corporation Law and our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws provide that we may indemnify our officers, directors, employees or agents or former officers, directors, employees or agents, against expenses actually and necessarily incurred by them, in connection with the defense of any legal proceeding or threatened legal proceeding, except as to matters in which such persons shall be determined to not have acted in good faith and in our best interest.  This means that if indemnity is determined by the Board of Directors to be appropriate in any case we and not the individual might bear the cost of any suit that is filed by a shareholder against the individual officer, director or employee unless the court determines that the individual acted in bad faith. These provisions are sufficiently broad to permit the indemnification of such persons in certain circumstances against liabilities arising under the Securities Act.

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to our directors and officers, and to persons controlling our company pursuant to the foregoing provisions, we have been informed that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission, such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore unenforceable.

Item 16.
Exhibits

Exhibit
Number
Exhibit Description
   
3.1.1
Restated and Amended Articles of Incorporation as filed with the Secretary of State of California on December 13, 2001 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s annual report on Form 10-KSB, filed on April 16, 2002)
3.1.2
Certificate of Amendment of Articles of Incorporation as filed with the Secretary of State of California on August 4, 2003 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s registration statement on Form SB-2, filed on November 18, 2005)
3.1.3
Certificate of Amendment of Articles of Incorporation as filed with the Secretary of State of California on October 31, 2003 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s quarterly report on Form 10-QSB, filed on November 19, 2003)
3.1.4
Certificate of Amendment of Articles of Incorporation as filed with the Secretary of State of California on September 29, 2005 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s registration statement on Form SB-2, filed on November 18, 2005)
3.1.5
Certificate of Amendment of Articles of Incorporation as filed with the Secretary of State of California on August 20, 2007 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q, filed on August 14, 2007)
3.1.6
Certificate of Amendment of Articles of Incorporation as filed with the Secretary of State of California on June 30, 2011 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on July 5, 2011)
3.1.7
Certificate of Amendment of Articles of Incorporation filed with the Secretary of State of California on July 12, 2013 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q, filed August 14, 2013)
 
3.1.8
Certificate of Amendment of Articles of Incorporation filed with the Secretary of State of California on May 30, 2014 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s registration statement on Form S-3 filed June 5, 2014)
Certificate of Amendment of Articles of Incorporation filed with the Secretary of State of California on February 15, 2017 (included in Exhibit 3.1.9)
3.2
Certificate of Designation of the Rights, Preferences, and Privileges of the Series A Preferred Stock as filed with the Secretary of State of California on December 13, 2001 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s registration statement on Form SB-2, filed on June 4, 2002)
3.3
Certificate of Determination, Preferences and Rights of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock as filed with the Secretary of State of California on October 4, 2005 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on October 4, 2005)
3.4
Certificate of Determination, Preferences and Rights of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock as filed with the Secretary of State of California on May 10, 2006 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on May 15, 2006)
3.5
Certificate of Determination, Preferences and Rights of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, as filed with the Secretary of State of California on October 17, 2008 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on October 20, 2008)
3.6
Certificate of Determination, Preferences and Rights of the Series E Convertible Preferred Stock, as filed with the Secretary of State of California on May 7, 2009 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on May 8, 2009)
3.7
Certificate of Determination, Preferences and Rights of the Series F Convertible Preferred Stock, as filed with the Secretary of State of California on February 18, 2016 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on May 23, 2016)
3.8
Certificate of Determination, Preferences and Rights of the Series G Convertible Preferred Stock, as filed with the Secretary of State of California on February 9, 2017 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on February 15, 2017)
3.9.1
Bylaws (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s registration statement on Form SB-2, filed on June 12, 2006)
3.9.2
Amendment of Bylaws effective June 19, 2007 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on June 25, 2007)
3.9.3
Amendment of Bylaws effective December 4, 2009 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on December 10, 2009).
Amendment of Bylaws, effective as of February 13, 2017 (included in Exhibit 3.9.4)
3.10
Certificate of Ownership filed with the California Secretary of State on October 3, 2012 (incorporated herein by reference to exhibits previously filed on registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on October 10, 2012)
4.1
Form of Warrant (Preferred Private Placement) (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on February 15, 2017)
4.2
Form of Warrant (Debt Private Placement) (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on February 15, 2017)
10.1
Securities Purchase Agreement dated February 9, 2017 (Preferred Private Placement) (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on February 15, 2017)
10.2
Registration Rights Agreement dated February 13, 2017 (Preferred Private Placement) (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on February 15, 2017)
10.3
Securities Purchase Agreement dated February 9, 2017 (Debt Private Placement) (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on February 15, 2017)
10.4
Registration Rights Agreement dated February 13, 2017 (Debt Private Placement) (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K, filed on February 15, 2017)
Opinion of Weintraub Tobin Chediak Coleman Grodin Law Corporation
23.1
Consent of Weintraub Tobin Chediak Coleman Grodin Law Corporation (included in Exhibit 5.1)
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.
24.1
Power of Attorney (See signature page).

Item 17.
Undertakings

(a)
The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:

(1)           To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:

(i)            To include any prospectus required by section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933.
 
(ii)           To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than a 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement.

(iii)          To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement.

Provided, however, that paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii) and (a)(1)(iii) above do not apply if the registration statement is on Form S-3 or Form F-3 and the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is part of the registration statement.

(2)           That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

(3)           To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
 
(4)           That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser:

(i)            If the registrant is relying on Rule 430B:

(A)         Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and

(B)          Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5) or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii) or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by section 10(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus.  As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.  Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date; or

(ii)           If the registrant is subject to Rule 430C, each prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) as part of a registration statement relating to an offering, other than registration statements relying on Rule 430B or other than prospectuses filed in reliance on Rule 430A, shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the date it is first used after effectiveness.

Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such first use, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such date of first use.

(5)           That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities.
 
The undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:

(i)            Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;

(ii)           Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;

(iii)          The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and

(iv)          Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.

(b)          The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

(c)           The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, the information omitted from the form of prospectus filed as part of this registration statement in reliance upon Rule 430A and contained in a form of prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(1) or (4) or 497(h) under the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of this registration statement as of the time it was declared effective.

(d)           The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each post-effective amendment that contains a form of prospectus shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the provisions described in Item 15 above, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Act and is, therefore, unenforceable.  In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.
 
SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form S-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of West Sacramento, State of California, on April 4, 2017.

 
RICEBRAN TECHNOLOGIES
 
       
 
By:
/s/ Robert Smith
 
   
Robert Smith
 
   
President and Chief Executive Officer
 

POWER OF ATTORNEY

KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints, jointly and severally, Robert Smith and Brent Rystrom, and each of them severally, his true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, each with full power of substitution, for him and in his name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments (including post-effective amendments) to this registration statement, and to sign any registration statement for the same offering covered by this registration statement that is to be effective upon filing pursuant to Rule 462(b) promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and all post-effective amendments thereto, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto and all documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming that each of said attorneys-in-fact and agents or any of them, or his or their substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this registration statement has been signed below by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

Dated:  April 4, 2017
By:
/s/ Robert Smith
 
   
Robert Smith, President, Chief Executive Officer and Director
   
(Principal Executive Officer)
     
Dated:  April 4, 2017
By:
/s/ Brent Rystrom
 
   
Brent Rystrom, Chief Financial Officer and Secretary
   
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer) 
     
Dated:  April 4, 2017
By:
/s/ Ari Gendason
 
   
Ari Gendason, Director
     
Dated:  April 4, 2017
By:
/s/ Beth Bronner
 
   
Beth Bronner, Director
     
Dated:  April 4, 2017
By:
/s/ Brent Rosenthal
 
   
Brent Rosenthal, Director
     
Dated:  April 4, 2017
By:
/s/ David Goldman
 
   
David Goldman, Director
     
Dated:  April 4, 2017
By:
/s/ Baruch Halpern
 
   
Baruch Halpern, Director 
     
Dated:  April 4, 2017
By:
/s/ Henk W. Hoogenkamp
 
   
Henk W. Hoogenkamp, Director